The Tribunal is comprised of:
- A full-time chairperson - Biography
- A full-time Vice-Chairperson - Biography
- Up to 13 full- or part-time members - Biographies
The Chairperson: David Thomas
David Thomas attended the University of British Columbia and the American College of Switzerland, graduating with a Bachelor of Arts degree, cum laude, in International Political Studies. He graduated from Osgoode Hall Law School in Toronto and was called to the Bar of British Columbia in 1989. Mr. Thomas began his career at a large law firm in Vancouver. In 1994, he formed his own law firm to focus his practice on immigration and administrative law.
In private practice, Mr. Thomas was a regular guest speaker for the Canadian Bar Association, the BC Society for Continuing Legal Education and other professional organizations. His work has required extensive international travel and as such, Mr. Thomas is well experienced with numerous cultures, traditions and customs. Mr. Thomas also has a keen interest in international human rights, and has taken the opportunity to visit and research troubled regions around the world.
Mr. Thomas has served several non-profit organizations, including as President of the Canada-Korea Business Association, Chair of the West Vancouver Parks & Recreation Commission and Province President of Phi Delta Phi International Legal Honours Society.
Mr. Thomas became a part-time Member of the CHRT in 2013. He was appointed Chairperson of the Tribunal for a term of 7 years commencing on September 2, 2014.
The Vice-Chairperson: Jennifer Khurana
Jennifer Khurana holds an LL.M. from the Raoul Wallenberg Institute of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law at Lund University in Sweden. She also has a Bachelor of Laws degree from the University of Toronto, and a Bachelor of Commerce degree from the University of Ottawa.
Ms. Khurana is an experienced decision-maker and lawyer with a background in social justice, human rights and international law developed in diverse multicultural and multilingual environments in Canada and abroad. She has broad leadership and adjudication experience in administrative law and judicial settings.
Ms. Khurana has served as a Vice-Chairperson at the Social Security Tribunal of Canada and also at the Human Rights Tribunal of Ontario, and as a Member of the Ontario Social Benefits Tribunal.
Internationally, Ms. Khurana was the Director of International Humanitarian Law at the American Red Cross in Washington, D.C., and from 2003-2009 served as legal advisor in Chambers and as External Relations Advisor to the President of the International Criminal Court in the Hague.
Ms. Khurana was appointed Vice-Chairperson of the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal effective April 8, 2019 for a seven year term.
Up to 13 full- or part-time members
Mr. Gabriel Gaudreault has a law degree from the University of Sherbrooke (Quebec). He also has a Master’s degree in Common Law and Transnational Law from the same university. In the course of his academic career, Me Gabriel Gaudreault worked as a research assistant focusing on fundamental rights and freedoms and children’s rights. As such, he refined his knowledge of these fields and completed a Master 2 (year two of a Master’s degree) in Public Law and Human Rights at Université Lumière Lyon 2, in France.
Mr. Gabriel Gaudreault began his career at the Quebec Ministry of Health and Social Services, specifically with the Director of Youth Protection. He became a member of the Barreau du Québec (Quebec Bar) in April 2012. He then joined a private law firm and had the opportunity to represent the Directors of Youth Protection in James Bay, Inuulitsivik (Hudson Bay) and Tulattavik (Ungava Bay), working on Cree and Inuit territory. Mr. Gabriel Gaudreault regularly traveled to the Aboriginal communities in Northern Quebec in order to practice law there.
In April 2014, Mr. Gabriel Gaudreault founded the legal department of the James Bay Director of Youth Protection and was named as the head of this department in January 2016. Considering the fundamental and specific issues inherent in working with First Nations as well as the unique context of practicing in the Northern regions, Mr. Gabriel Gaudreault has had the opportunity to get involved and share his expertise with the various players in the Quebec legal system, such as the Ministry of Health and Social Services, the Ministry of Justice, the Judiciary and legal services, to name just a few.
Colleen Harrington graduated from the University of Saskatchewan with an Honours Bachelor of Arts degree in Women’s and Gender Studies, and English. She received her Bachelor of Laws degree from the University of New Brunswick, and was called to the Bars of Ontario in 2003, Nunavut in 2004, and Yukon Territory in 2008.
Ms. Harrington has significant experience in the human rights field, gained in Canada and abroad. In 2001, as an intern at the League of Kenya Women Voters in Nairobi, Kenya, Ms. Harrington created and implemented a paralegal training program for women, and was involved in a joint Canada-Kenya project on violence against women, sponsored by the Canadian Lawyers Association for International Human Rights.
Ms. Harrington worked as a poverty law lawyer with Hamilton Mountain Legal and Community Services in Hamilton, Ontario, before moving to the Canadian Arctic in 2004 to practice family and criminal law with the Legal Services Board of Nunavut. She became the acting Executive Director of the organization in 2007.
In 2008, Ms. Harrington worked as a staff lawyer with the Yukon Legal Services Society in Whitehorse, Yukon, before joining the Yukon Human Rights Commission as legal counsel in 2009.
Ms. Harrington was appointed to the Tribunal as a full-time Member for a term of four years, effective January 28, 2018.
Kathryn Raymond, Q.C.
Kathryn Raymond Q.C. received her law degree from the Dalhousie Schulich School of Law in 1985. She was called to the Ontario Bar in 1987 and the Nova Scotia Bar in 1990. She was in-house counsel to the Ontario Ministry of Health before becoming a senior partner with BOYNECLARKE LLP in Nova Scotia where she practiced health, employment and administrative law and acted as neutral counsel to professional disciplinary tribunals.
Ms. Raymond is an experienced decision maker and mediator, having decided diverse human rights cases and workplace disputes in Nova Scotia as a labour relations arbitrator, a Human Rights Board of Inquiry, a member of the Minister of Labour’s List of Arbitrators, and Vice-Chair of the Labour Board. She has been appointed as an Assessment Appeals Tribunal and as an arbitrator of insurance and education related disputes. Ms. Raymond is an inducted member of the Canadian Academy of Distinguished Neutrals.
Ms. Raymond has contributed to policy development in her roles and to statutory and regulatory development in Nova Scotia. In 2019, she co-authored the Report of the Expert Panel on Modern Federal Labour Standards. Ms. Raymond has been invited to speak at numerous conferences. She chaired the Administrative Law Section of the Canadian Bar Association (N.S.) and was a member of the Regional Advisory Committee of the Advocates’ Society, the ADR Atlantic Institute and the Canadian Institute for the Administration of Justice. Previously she chaired the Nova Scotia Barristers’ Society Task Force on the Model Code of Conduct and the Society’s Ethics and Professional Responsibility Advisory Committee and was a member of the Board of the Mental Health Foundation of Nova Scotia.
Ms. Raymond was appointed a part-time member of the CHRT in 2019 for a five-year term. On May 27, 2021, she was appointed as a full-time member of the CHRT for a period of five years.
Newfoundland and Labrador
Catherine Fagan graduated from McGill University in 2005 with a Bachelor of Civil law and a Bachelor of Common Law. She is currently the Managing Partner of Arbutus Law Group LLP, a boutique law firm working exclusively with Indigenous governments, Indigenous businesses and environmental organizations. She is a member of the Barreau du Québec, the Law Society of Newfoundland and Labrador, and the Law Society of Manitoba. Her work focuses on self-governance, constitutional law, environmental law and business development.
Ms. Fagan has worked on cases at all court levels and is experienced in treaty compliance, Indigenous rights and title claims, requirements to consult/obtain consent for resource development projects, housing and land management, protected areas and forestry.
Ms. Fagan works in both English and French. She is a member of the Inuit community of NunatuKavut in Labrador.
Ms. Fagan is the President of the Board of Directors for First Light, St. John’s Native Friendship Centre. She has also volunteered for many years with Lawyers Without Borders Canada, working particularly with Indigenous nations in Central and South America. She previously worked with the United Nations Secretariat for the Convention on Biodiversity, as well as the Maori Waikato-Tainui Tribal Council in New Zealand.
In April 2021, Ms. Fagan was appointed as a part-time member of the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal for a term of five years.
After earning a B.A. in Business Administration with a specialization in Human Resources Management, Marie Langlois worked in human resources management, particularly in labour relations and negotiating collective agreements in Quebec’s public service, for several years. She subsequently began studying law and was admitted to the Quebec Bar in 1996, and went on to work at the Quebec Human Rights Tribunal as legal counsel, where she attended hearings, conducted research, wrote draft decisions and advised the Tribunal’s judges.
In 2000, Ms. Langlois was appointed as an administrative judge at the Administrative Labour Tribunal of Quebec (the former Commission des lésions professionnelles [employment injury board]). Over the years, she has issued more than 1,000 decisions in the field of occupational health and safety, through an exclusively adjudicative process. At the same time, she worked as coordinating administrative judge for the region of Abitibi-Témiscamingue and the Outaouais. In addition, in 2015 Ms. Langlois undertook a consultation tour that focused on the duty of reasonable accommodation under the Charter of Human Rights and Freedoms, speaking to about a hundred of her administrative judge colleagues. She also provides mentoring and training to new judges.
Ms. Langlois left the Administrative Labour Tribunal in July 2018 to join the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal as a part-time member.
Edward Lustig received his Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of Toronto, his Bachelor of Laws degree from Queen’s University, and was called to the Bar of Ontario with First Class Honours in 1975. He has been a member of the Law Society of Upper Canada and the Canadian Bar Association since that time.
In addition to his work with the Tribunal, Mr. Lustig has practiced law primarily in the municipal and planning law area both in government and private practice since his call to the Bar.
Mr. Lustig was initially appointed to the Tribunal in 2008 for a three-year term. He was re-appointed in 2011, and again in 2018 for a further five years.
Kirsten Mercer attended the University of Guelph, graduating with an honours Bachelor of Arts degree in International Development Studies, before completing an honours Master of Arts degree in International Political Economy from the University of Toronto. Ms. Mercer graduated with honours from the McGill Faculty of Law in Montreal with a Bachelor of Civil Law / Bachelor of Laws degree, and was called to the Bar of Ontario in 2007.
Ms. Mercer brings a broad and balanced mix of experience to her role at the Tribunal. She practiced law in the litigation group at Davies Ward Phillips and Vineberg LLP in Toronto, and in 2013 she went to work in government as the Senior Justice Advisor in the Office of the Premier of Ontario. In 2015, Ms. Mercer relocated to Ottawa, where she served as chief of staff to the Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada.
Ms. Mercer has a long history of work on human rights and justice issues, and has worked with various community organizations and boards, including a refugee resettlement agency in Toronto (board member from 2006-2012) and the Women’s Legal Education and Action Fund (board member from 2012-2013).
Prior to her legal career, Ms. Mercer worked in the non-profit sector in Toronto on international development, human rights and economic justice.
Ms. Mercer was appointed as a full-time Member of the Tribunal in January 2017, and re-appointed for a term of four years, effective December 30, 2017.
Naseem Mithoowani received her Bachelor of Arts degree in French and French literature from McMaster University, and her law degree from Osgoode Hall Law School. Ms. Mithoowani was called to the bar in 2008. Ms. Mithoowani has practiced exclusively in the area of immigration and refugee law since 2009, and is currently one of two principal lawyers of a law firm focused in that same area. In her role, Ms. Mithoowani regularly appears before the Federal Court of Canada and represents individuals at all levels of the Immigration and Refugee Board.
In addition, Ms. Mithoowani teaches Immigration Law at Osgoode Hall Law School, as an adjunct professor of law. Ms. Mithoowani has also acted as chair of a steering committee on an initiative to create a legal clinic for Muslims in Ontario and has been involved in numerous community organizations. She has been invited to speak at a number of conferences, including for the Law Society of Ontario, the Canadian Bar Association and the Munk School of Global Affairs.
Ms. Mithoowani was appointed to the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal part-time, for five years, in 2021.
Jennifer Orange holds an S.J.D. from the University of Toronto and an LL.M. from New York University. She also holds an LL.B. from the University of Toronto and a B.A. in Asian and Middle Eastern Studies from the University of Pennsylvania. She was called to the Bar of Ontario in 2000.
Ms. Orange is an Assistant Professor at the Lincoln Alexander School of Law at Ryerson University. She has also taught courses relating to human rights law at the University of Toronto and University of Western Ontario law faculties.
An experienced mediator and adjudicator, Ms. Orange was a part-time member of the Human Rights Tribunal of Ontario. She previously practiced as a litigation lawyer at Torys LLP in a broad range of areas, including administrative law.
Ms. Orange has a long history of volunteer work with non-profit organizations, with a focus on mental health and rare diseases.
Ms. Orange was appointed as a part-time member of the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal effective April 8, 2021 for a five-year term.
Ms. Anie Perrault graduated from the University of Ottawa with a law degree in 1992 and she practised at Phillips & Vineberg (now Davies, Ward, Phillips & Vineberg) from 1992 to 1995, mainly in civil and commercial litigation and labour law. She has more than 20 years of professional experience in both the public and private sectors. Her career focused on communications and public affairs in relation to genomics research and biotechnology and she held many strategic national-level positions in this field. From 2001 to 2006, she was Vice-President at Genome Canada. She is currently the Executive Director of BioQuébec and a member of various boards of directors including Loto-Québec, Génome Québec and the University of Sherbrooke. She also sat on the research ethics committee at Génome Québec. In 2013, Ms. Perrault became a "Certified Corporate Director" (CCD) at the Université Laval's Collège des administrateurs de sociétés. She was elected to the municipal council of the municipality of Bromont in 2009, a position she held for more than five years, and as Vice-President of the Réseau des élues municipales de la Montérégie-Est, which aims to encourage women in municipal politics. She has been involved in many other local community organizations. This experience has allowed her to develop an acute awareness of the issues related to culture, women and equity.
Daniel Simonian studied law at the Université de Montréal, where he was honoured with the Judge Herbert Marx award for excellence in legal writing. Me Simonian went on to complete his common law training at the University of Toronto and then obtained a master’s in constitutional law (LL.M.) from Osgoode Hall, where he completed a dissertation on human rights and immigration law policy. During his legal studies, Me Simonian created and delivered public legal education workshops on civil rights to local high school students. He was also an active board member of the Quebec Public Interest Research Group, an anti-oppression resource centre for student and community research and organizing.
After graduating, Me Simonian completed a clerkship for the chief judge of the Tribunal administratif du Québec, where he worked predominantly on social benefits and immigration cases. After being called to the Quebec and Ontario Bars, Me Simonian worked in private practice as well as for several community legal clinics, providing legal assistance to low-income Ontario residents. He then went on to work at Pro Bono Students Canada (PBSC) where he managed and developed national large-scale access to justice programs. As a committed advocate for access to justice programs, Me Simonian developed the Trans I.D. Clinic, a free service that assists trans and gender-diverse individuals with name and gender marker change applications. Following its successful launch in locations across Canada, the Trans I.D. Clinic was nominated for the Canadian Pro Bono Award. During his tenure at PBSC, Me Simonian also taught refugee law at the University of British Columbia and volunteered as an executive member of the Ontario Bar Association.
In 2019, Me Simonian joined the Immigration and Refugee Board (IRB) as a full-time member, where he conducts human rights research, presides over hearings, and renders decisions. At the IRB, he has had the opportunity to gain valuable experience in adjudication, decision writing, and applying procedural fairness rules.
In 2021, Me Simonian was appointed as a part-time member of the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal.
Paul Singh holds a Bachelor of Science degree and a Law degree from the University of British Columbia and an MBA from the Schulich School of Business at York University, and was called to the bars of Ontario and British Columbia in 2004.
From 2004 to 2010, Mr. Singh was a civil litigator in private practice in British Columbia, where he maintained a broad litigation practice in fields including commercial, insurance and employment law. From 2010 to 2018, Mr. Singh was Counsel and later Senior Counsel with the Department of Justice Canada where he practiced civil litigation, administrative law, constitutional law and human rights law.
In 2018, Mr. Singh was appointed to a four-year term as a full-time Tribunal Member with the BC Human Rights Tribunal, where he adjudicated and mediated human rights complaints under the BC Human Rights Code. While at the Tribunal, Mr. Singh completed his mediator training at Harvard Law School's Program on Negotiation in 2019. He was appointed acting Chair of the BC Human Rights Tribunal in 2021 for a six-month term.
In April 2021, Mr. Singh was appointed as a part-time Tribunal Member with the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal for a five-year term.